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  • How is design being used to deter ‘undesirables’?
  • How is design being used to deter ‘undesirables’?
    Sascha Kohlmann, Creative Commons (2013) ©
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How can unpleasant design shape behaviour?

Defensive urban architecture is everywhere – if you know what you’re looking for. Specially designed window ledges, park benches and streetlights aim to influence behaviour in public spaces, but at what cost? And do these unpleasant creations unfairly target some people more than others?